The therapists used pollock s art as part of his treatment, and one of the resulting works was male and female. Francis valentine oconnor and eugene victor thaw, ed. Presented to his psychotherapist, where they remained in private files for almost three decades until their publication in 1970, these drawings have been. In the late 1930s and early 1940s, jackson pollock worked with jungian psychoanalysts to deal with his alcoholism and depression. Jackson pollock, joan miro and the unconscious schirn mag. The subjects of this particular work are, as the title suggests, male and female figures. Henderson made the decision to engage him through his art and had pollock make drawings, which led to the appearance of many jungian concepts in his paintings. A brief history of mental illness in art scientific. Known for his extravagant technique on large canvases, pollock was a leading figure for the abstract expressionistic art of the 50s. Pollock s art grabbed the attention of several people, including peggy guggenheim, who owned. In 1947 pollock first used the process of pouring or dripping paint onto a flat canvas in stages, often alternating weeks of painting with weeks of contemplating before he finished a canvas.
The papers of abstract expressionist painters jackson pollock and wife lee krasner measure 16. He had a volatile personality, and struggled with alcoholism for most of his life. The foundations mission is to aid, internationally, those individuals who have worked as professional artists over a significant period of time. The pollock krasner foundations dual criteria for grants are recognizable artistic merit and demonstrable financial need, whether professional, personal or both. There is limited creditable information about the scenario behind the psychoanalytic drawings by jackson pollock so it is difficult to make any supportable opinions about the work. Jackson pollock s metamorphosis from regionalist to abstract expressionist, has been a source of fascination ever since his untimely death in. The subversion of gravity in jackson pollocks abstractions. See more ideas about drawings, pollock paintings and abstract drawings. A catalogue raisonne of paintings, drawings, and other works. Pollock s made a series of drawings that were used in his psychotherapy sessions during 193940. This is the elegant catalogue issued in conjunction with a posthumous 1992 traveling exhibition of works on paper the socalled psychoanalytic drawings by jackson pollock circulated by the duke museum of art. Perhaps no aspect of jackson pollocks oeuvrea one of the most important american artists of the twentieth centurya has been more misunderstood than the drawings pollock created during jungian psychoanalysis sessions from 193940. A finding aid to the jackson pollock and lee krasner. During his lifetime, pollock enjoyed considerable fame and notoriety.
Duke university press in association with the duke university museum of art, 1992 ocolc646280543. Whereas up to the time of the artforms appearance, france had been considered the art center. Known for his iconic drip paintings, the art worlds resident bad boy, jackson pollock garnered much of attention in 1942 with his jungianinspired painting male and female. The life of jackson pollock and his influence on modern. Jackson pollock and art critic clement greenberg saw sobels work there in 1946 and later greenberg noted that sobel was a direct influence on jackson pollock s drip painting technique. The earlier drawing, untitled, produced between 1933 and 1939, is linked to both cubism and futurism in its exploration of movement, dynamism and. Henderson was an eclectic who drew upon the spectrum of psychoanalytic theory, including freud and jung. From museum of fine arts, boston, jackson pollock, untitled psychoanalytic drawing, number 4 19391940, wax crayon on paper. In the american action painters, rosenberg writes that, in action painting, the canvas is an arena in which to act. At 18, he moved to new york, where he studied art and painted for the works progress administration. Jackson pollock untitled psychoanalytic drawing, number 4. Jackson pollock american, cody, wyoming 19121956 east hampton, new york. His family left cody when he was less than a year old.
Jackson pollock himself consulted a doctor about psychoanalytical sessions between 1939 and 1940. Presented to his psychotherapist, where they remained in private. The gallerys two works show a close association with pollock s psychoanalytic drawings, both in style and subject matter. Bird was created in 1941 by jackson pollock in expressionism style. This barcode number lets you verify that youre getting exactly the right version or edition of a. The jackson pollock sketchbooks in the metropolitan museum of art. American studies, art and visual culture art criticism and theory perhaps no aspect of jackson pollock s oeuvreone of the most important american artists of the twentieth centuryhas been more misunderstood than the drawings pollock created during jungian psychoanalysis sessions from. Jackson pollock january 28, 1912 august 11, 1956, was an influential american painter and a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement. Jackson pollock, going west, 193435 throughout pollock s life, he was an alcoholic. Jackson pollock was one of the first american artists to achieve a worldwide reputation, and he became an icon of the abstract expressionist movement. Perhaps no aspect of jackson pollocks oeuvreone of the most important american artists of the twentieth. Henderson which, incidentally, the doctor would publish after. Artwork by jackson pollock, psychoanalytic drawing, made.
Jackson pollock untitled psychoanalytic drawing the met. The collection documents their personal and professional lives, as well as the legacy of jackson pollock s work after his death. Jackson pollock s art continues to be redefined through todays young artist. This concise study of jackson pollock provides a reliable survey of his life and work and an understanding of his paintingstheir origins, meanings, and influence. Jackson pollock psychoanalytic drawings museum research. Shows some signs of wear, and may have some markings on the inside. Find more prominent pieces of figurative at best visual art database. Fortyfour works on paper by jackson pollock, who is esteemed as one of the greatest artists of the 20th century, have surfaced on the art. There has been much controversy over these particular drawings as critics believed that the images were purposely created through the jungian technique pollock s, using psychoanalytic techniques within his work. Unlike other books on pollock that deal extensively with his life or with formal analysis of his works, cernuschis is broadly interpretive, discussing and explaining concerns and meanings crucial to an understanding of pollock s. Claude cernuschi teaches art history at boston college. Jackson pollock 19121956 was the founder of the abstract expressionist movement in art.
As a man, pollock was described by his contemporaries as gentle and contemplative when sober, violent when drunk. This was the first truly american artform and its development had worldwide repercussions. He was well known for his unique style of drip painting. Pollock was intrigued in surrealism, cubism, as well as indian primitive forms. His paintings were the symbol, not only for the art. Perhaps no aspect of jackson pollock s oeuvreone of the most important american artists of the twentieth centuryhas been more misunderstood than the drawings pollock created during jungian psychoanalysis sessions from 193940. This process allowed him to record the force and scope of his physical gesture in trajectories of enamel or aluminum paint.
Agape charmani for art sheep jackson pollock is one of the most famous and commercial artists of the 20th century. Jackson pollock, psychoanalytic drawings book, 1992. Jackson pollock paintings how jackson pollock worked. I have found a essay by claude cernuschi which looks at a number of questions which i have found through reading the.
The canvas features two totem figures, one bathed in vivid colors and sumptuous curves and the other standing rigid and logical with equations emblazoned on its body. The mature works of jackson pollock are representative of action painting, a term coined by art critic harold rosenberg. A wholly original, ruleshattering figure in american art, pollock inspired frank stella, richard serra, and the color field painters. Jackson pollocks creation of abstract expressionism. Jackson pollock january 28, 1912 august 11, 1956 was an american painter and a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement. On the advice of his brothers, he decided to undergo therapy and psychoanalysis. Major abstract expressionist jackson pollock, dubbed jack the dripper by time magazine in 1956, is best known for his large action or drip paintings of 194752, formed by pouring and manipulating liquid paint atop canvases set on the floor. San francisco museum of modern art, jackson pollock.
Apr 10, 2019 artwork by jackson pollock, psychoanalytic drawing, made of graphite and colored pencil on paper. Jackson pollock and his early surrealistic works artsheep. Henderson which, incidentally, the doctor would publish after the artists death to much criticism and indignation. Pollock psychoanalytic drawings, first edition abebooks. He believed that art derived from the unconscious, saw himself as the essential subject of his painting, and.339 282 463 1152 7 1181 1368 1121 970 23 557 1465 111 1015 683 1334 339 653 979 585 301 806 95 118 581 508 1431 1012 1483 69 960 1301 356 679 1327 426